Abhayagiri Monastic Retreat 2013 – Brightening the Mind
Ajahn Pasanno, Ajahn Karuṇadhammo, Ajahn Ñāṇiko and Debbie Stamp
Thanksgiving Retreat, Nov. 22, 2013 to Dec. 1, 2013
Angela Center in Santa Rosa, California
8 sessions, 138 excerpts, 7:52:27 total duration

A classic ten-day Thanksgiving Retreat held at the Angela Center before it closed due to fire damage.

External website
Sessions:    1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8
Session 1 – Ajahn Pasanno – Nov. 23, 2013 Download audio (43:37)

Download audio (4:25)
1. [0:00] “Thank you for your talk. Can you flesh out: 'dispassionate about what?' Also, trying to encourage dispassion along with arousing energy.” [Dispassion] [Energy]

Download audio (8:54)
2. [4:25] “Is it possible for an arahant to have seemingly negative thoughts and speech?” [Arahant] [Unskillful qualities]

Download audio (9:19)
3. [13:19] “Can you talk about how to work with infidelity.” [Relationships] [Sexual misconduct]

Download audio (8:59)
4. [22:38] “Thank you for the wonderful teachings...Can you further discuss dispassion and nonattachment in the context of the 'middle way.' (particularly for a layperson in a loving relationship)” [Relationships] [Dispassion]

Download audio (6:48)
5. [31:37] “I notice that when my mind is drifting I don't feel physical pain but when 'present' pain comes to the fore. Suggestions?” [Pain]

Download audio (5:12)
6. [38:25] “What do you think about the bed here? I believe its against the 8th precept.” [High and luxurious beds]

Session 2 – Ajahn Pasanno – Nov. 24, 2013 Download audio (53:12)

Download audio (3:51)
1. [0:00] “I have seen both monastics and laypeople start getting ill after they became serious about practice. Can you relate this to your talk today? (whether such illness is karmic. Etc.)” [Sickness] [Kamma]

Download audio (3:15)
2. [3:51] “Could you clarify the difference between perception (sanna), mental formations (sankara) and conscousness (vinnana)?” [Perception] [Volitional formations] [Consciousness]

Download audio (3:27)
3. [7:06] “Can you talk about neither-painful-nor-pleasant feelings and the benefits of being with this boringness?” [Neutral feeling] [Mindfulness of feeling]

Download audio (2:47)
4. [10:33] “Could you please talk about different places in the chain of dependent origination can be broken?” [Dependent origination]

Download audio (4:26)
5. [13:20] “Thank you for the wonderful dhamma talk on the 5 reflections! Could you please talk about compassion in caregiving for themselves and for others.” [Recollection] [Compassion] [Health care]

Download audio (4:07)
6. [17:46] “Reflecting on your talk earlier about letting go...Wondering if you can speak about maintaining a practice during retreat and also in 'normal' life under circumstances (where one has to make many important decisions).” [Relinquishment] [Meditation retreats] [Lay life]

Download audio (4:58)
7. [21:53] “During meditation when thoughts come and want to engage me...is there a point or sign or a warning that can be seen before I get lost?” [Restlessness and worry]

Download audio (5:28)
8. [26:51] “Dear Ajahn Pasanno, Thank you for all the guidance and encouragement. The past months have been very busy...I am now noticing lots of patterns of tension in my body which make the breath an unpleasant object to stay with. Any advice?” [Mindfulness of body] [Mindfulness of breathing] [Suffering]

Download audio (0:55)
9. [32:19] “In letting go of thoughts that habitually arise from negative self-criticism or from past trauma defenses, how do we ask these powerful mental states to not overwhelm our mindfulness?” [Guilt/shame/inadequacy] [Mindfulness]

Download audio (6:03)
10. [33:14] “Could you clarify whether having more than one meditation object is a help or a hindrance?” [Meditation/General advice]

Download audio (5:26)
11. [39:17] “Thank you for your uplifting and encouraging talks. My husband died 6 months ago. Could you give suggestions for how to contemplate anicca and anatta in the context of his life, illness, and death?” [Impermanence] [Not-self] [Sickness] [Death] [Relationships]

Download audio (1:26)
12. [44:43] “Is there a distinction between dispassion and equanimity?” [Dispassion] [Equanimity]

Download audio (3:47)
13. [46:09] “Thank you for your wonderful teaching. Q: How to identify and deal with 'Panca upadana' in daily life?” [Clinging] [Aggregates]

Download audio (3:16)
14. [49:56] “Ajahn, Its seems like the first couple of days all hindrances attack to a point where I opened my eyes this morning meditation and thought: 'How did I get here?...Can you please comment.” [Hindrances] [Meditation retreats]

Session 3 – Ajahn Pasanno – Nov. 25, 2013 Download audio (1:06:00)

Download audio (3:43)
1. [0:00] “Is body scan as a meditation practice done in the Ajahn Chah tradition? Is there a sutta where the Buddha talks about it?” [Body scanning] [Ajahn Chah lineage] [Sutta]

Download audio (0:33)
2. [3:43] “Is there something in the body that will help you identify the defilement of delusion?” [Mindfulness of body] [Delusion] // [Self-identity view]

Download audio (2:19)
3. [4:16] “If one has read the Majjhima Nikaya, what text of the Pali canon do you recommend reading next?” [Learning] [Sutta]

Download audio (6:05)
4. [6:35] “I'm having trouble integrating some of the teachings in the context of preparing to have a child...How might one be fully open to the lightness and joy surrounding birth while remaining deeply aware of these other truths of existence?” [Family] [Birth]

Download audio (4:38)
5. [12:40] “Sorry, I missed something. Did you say that instead of dwelling on our hindrances and getting depressed, we could instead work with the Factors of Enlightenment to brighten the mind? What are the Factors you would suggest?” [Factors of Awakening] [Gladdening the mind]

Download audio (6:30)
6. [17:18] “Can you please give perspective on thoughts/feelings of inadequacy and comparison to others?” [Guilt/shame/inadequacy]

Download audio (2:36)
7. [23:48] “Can you please talk about qualities (physical sensations) one would experience in different Jhana sates?” [Jhāna]

Download audio (3:52)
8. [26:24] “Are there harmful states of concentration? How would you potentially go down the wrong path? Is there a question you could ask yourself?” [Right Concentration] [Wrong concentration]

Download audio (3:54)
9. [30:16] “About a year ago, I was bullied and sexually harassed by a married male coworker...Any guidance as to how I can work with this and move beyond it?” [Abuse/violence] [Sexual misconduct] [Work] // [Goodwill]

Download audio (3:33)
10. [34:10] “Would you please elaborate on mental formations and volition.” [Volitional formations] [Volition]

Download audio (2:59)
11. [37:43] “Once I aspired to open my mind beyond this conditioned world. Now I mostly try to be at ease with my limitations. Am I forgetting something important?” [Stages of awakening] [Unconditioned] [Contentment]

Download audio (1:28)
12. [40:42] “Some monks have told me I'm selfish for being so focused on release. They say I should help others more. What are your thoughts?” [Release] [Selfishness] [Generosity]

Download audio (1:35)
13. [42:10] “What are the 4 stages of Enlightenment? What defilements have the four Noble Beings shed?” [Stages of awakening] [Fetters]

Download audio (3:35)
14. [43:45] “Could you please expand on compassionate seclusion in interactive daily life (both on and off retreat)?” [Seclusion] [Compassion]

Download audio (3:37)
15. [47:20] “Thank you Luang Por for your time and teachings. I would like to hear more about the idea of restraint (especially in regards to raising a teenager).” [Family] [Sense restraint]

Download audio (2:19)
16. [50:57] “Would you please talk a bit about karma in past lives...I'm asking for future karmic results an preventing negative ones.” [Kamma] [Rebirth]

Download audio (3:31)
17. [53:16] “How do you teach noting/labeling in meditation?” [Noting]

Download audio (2:24)
18. [56:47] “I was interested to hear the definition of mental formations as volitional...Could you help me reconcile (random and unbidden thoughts) with volitionality?” [Volitional formations]

Download audio (5:05)
19. [59:11] “What suggestions do you have when thoughts of transgression of sila arise. I cannot change the past, but I have regrets.” [Precepts] [Restlessness and worry]

Download audio (1:44)
20. [1:04:16] “Please explain the inner workings of right intention and its karmic effect.” [Right Intention] [Kamma] [Volition]

Session 4 – Ajahn Pasanno – Nov. 26, 2013 Download audio (58:08)

Download audio (3:14)
1. [00:00] “Please explain again: When one restores concentration by focusing on the in-and-outtake of the breath, is one using the vinnana/consciousness of the grasping mind?” [Mindfulness of breathing] [Concentration] [Consciousness] [Clinging]

Download audio (1:17)
2. [3:14] “During retreats I sometimes have dreams in which my actions are unskillful. Does one eventually keep the precepts even in dreams?” [Precepts] [Dreams]

Download audio (1:47)
3. [4:31] “'Like exercise makes the body strong, inner stillness makes the mind strong.' Why stillness and not awareness?” [Calming meditation] [Tranquility] [Present moment awareness]

Download audio (9:31)
4. [6:18] “It has been a few years since my last retreat. May I request a reminder on how to practice metta mediation on oneself...I seem to have forgotten.” [Goodwill]

Download audio (2:23)
5. [15:49] “Would you please give an example of how wholesome qualities can condition unwholesome qualities?” [Skillful qualities] [Unskillful qualities] [Conditionality]

Download audio (0:48)
6. [18:12] “I feel like a kid whose father has told a story and there is more to tell...Please father do tell (about non-complicated thoughts etc.).” [Proliferation]

Download audio (3:55)
7. [19:00] “I have a hard time ending or letting go of relationships after they no longer serve me or prove to be unskillful people...Is this attachment to person or aversion/ fear etc of the unknown?” [Relationships] [Relinquishment] [Clinging] [Fear]

Download audio (3:25)
8. [22:55] “How do you decrease the times an obsessive thought arises in the mind?...What is obsession anyways?” [Restlessness and worry] [Proliferation]

Download audio (7:13)
9. [26:20] “I've been sitting on this question...It has to do with dispassion, shedding, simplifying and being easily satisfied on the one end of the spectrum and being engaged and active in the world...How can one practice shedding internally but still be responsive and engaged regarding the suffering from environmental and social issues?” [Politics and society] [Environment] [Dispassion] [Contentment] [Renunciation]

Download audio (2:57)
10. [33:33] “Could you please explain again the differences between sanna, sankara, and vinnana? I'm still not getting it.” [Perception] [Volitional formations] [Consciousness]

Download audio (6:08)
11. [36:30] “Is there an obligation to reconcile with family before your death or theirs (especially when family has been particularly unskillful towards us)?” [Family] [Death] [Forgiveness]

Download audio (1:01)
12. [42:38] “What is meant by 'fools'...the Buddha's definition of a fool.”

Download audio (1:59)
13. [43:39] “Is there anything skillful about crying, the flow of tears?” [Grief]

Download audio (12:30)
14. [45:38] “How does one reconcile the apparent complete lack of control that is experienced in meditation...with the apparent need to control one's circumstances off the cushion. Is it possible to live with complete non-contention and still have an organized life?” [Everyday life] [Meditation] [Volition] [Non-contention]

Session 5 – Ajahn Pasanno – Nov. 27, 2013 Download audio (56:34)

Download audio (8:42)
1. [00:00] “What is the funeral protocol for monks? What about non-monastics in the West?” [Funerals] [Monastic life] [Lay life]

Download audio (1:51)
2. [8:42] “Over the last couple of years, I've been noticing that memory retention isn't quite what it used to be...In your experience, has meditation practice helped sharpen the memory?” [Memory] [Ageing] [Meditation]

Download audio (3:29)
3. [10:33] “I've been reflecting on 'no-self' and it hasn't quite been resonating. Instead it feels like daunting abstraction. Can you suggest a simple way to approach this?” [Not-self]

Download audio (1:01)
4. [14:02] “I saw one of your new publications 'Don't Hold Back.' Why did you choose this title? The chapter on chanting answered many questions I had.” [Dhamma books] [Ajahn Pasanno] [Chanting]

Download audio (8:22)
5. [15:03] “Funeral and memorial services are not only important for those left behind, but maybe important for the new traveler in afterlife. Could you say more about supporting a dead person? What kind of support and how long? Years? Does 'human support' matter or does 'karma' of each individual 'take care of it'?” [Funerals] [Death] [Rebirth] [Kamma]

Download audio (3:13)
6. [23:25] “I found your explanation of the theme of 'constancy' in practice as a constancy in keeping a bright and awake mind more helpful and do-able than a constancy in keeping to one meditation object as is sometime taught. Could you please say more.” [Right Effort] [Gladdening the mind] [One pointedness]

Download audio (3:42)
7. [26:38] “Would you please comment on 'The Highest Blessings' where is reads: 'Avoiding those of foolish ways...and cherishing family.' What if family members engage in foolish ways like addiction to alcohol and one can not always avoid them? Can one cherish one of foolish ways?” [Family] [Spiritual friendship] [Intoxicants]

Download audio (1:57)
8. [30:20] “It seems that every year I expect less from myself at a retreat [but also]...every year a retreat becomes easier and more peaceful. Would you say this is because: a) I am getting wiser? b) I am abandoning all intentions? Or c) I am running out of hormones?” [Long-term practice] [Meditation retreats]

Download audio (2:08)
9. [32:17] “Where do the Brahma-Viharas fit into the 4 Noble Truths?'” [Four Noble Truths] [Divine Abidings]

Download audio (5:24)
10. [34:25] “Thank you for the most profound expository discourse on Ananpanasati...How do you practice it? Do you memorize it and note all the aspects (tick them off and get a certificate)?” [Mindfulness of breathing]

Download audio (3:14)
11. [39:49] “Is the pursuit of peace, cessation, stillness any different from any other pursuit or desire?” [Tranquility] [Cessation] [Desire]

Download audio (6:35)
12. [43:03] “Can you please speak about dealing with physical pain during a sit (particularly back pain and headaches)?” [Pain] [Posture/Sitting]

Download audio (5:08)
13. [49:38] “It seems like the 'Reflection on the 32 Parts' of the body is missing several parts...Is it meant to be comprehensive? Or is it just the ugly bits?” [Unattractiveness]

Download audio (1:48)
14. [54:46] “Please explain which comes first birth or becoming for example with anger or any feeling or character?” [Birth] [Becoming] [Ill-will]

Session 6 – Ajahn Pasanno – Nov. 28, 2013 Download audio (56:09)

Download audio (3:38)
1. [00:00] “Can you tell us about how Ajahn Chah taught Western monks when he doesn't know English?” [Ajahn Chah] [History/Western Buddhist monasticism] [Language]

Download audio (1:45)
2. [3:38] “If this question is okay, could you please tell us any more about how Ajahn Chah challenged you in those first five years – and/or later?” [Ajahn Chah] [Ajahn Pasanno]

Download audio (4:11)
3. [5:23] “I'm trying to be with the breath without controlling it. When I let go of control, the breath seems to accelerate so that I can't keep up with it. Help!” [Mindfulness of breathing] [Volition]

Download audio (2:27)
4. [9:34] “Is it okay to do standing meditation in here during meditation sessions when nothing else is working for sleepiness or restlessness?” [Posture/Standing] [Sloth and torpor] [Restlessness and worry]

Download audio (1:13)
5. [12:01] “In the chant 'Suffusion with the Divine Abidings,' what does it mean “I will abide pervading the all encompassing world with a heard imbued with loving-kindness. Likewise the second...third...fourth'? Why does it not say something like 'pervading the entire heart'?” [Divine Abidings] [Heart/mind]

Download audio (4:47)
6. [13:14] “Thank you for the teachings...Could you speak about the heart and mind which appear to be used interchangeably. How can we listen with discernment to the heart? How can we cultivate its strength?” [Heart/mind] [Discernment]

Download audio (4:59)
7. [18:01] “Was metta taught as a concentration earlier than Buddhagosa? Also, how is it taught in the Thai Forest Tradition now?” [Goodwill] [Commentaries] [Thai Forest Tradition]

Download audio (0:33)
8. [23:00] “Ajahn Karunadhammo (it certainly takes a lot of ink to write out your name), your talk today was incredibly timely.” [Gratitude]

Download audio (0:27)
9. [23:33] “Thank you All for the abundant, exalted, immeasurable gratitude that I am presently experiencing as streaming out of my citta and heading right toward you. Don't duck.” [Gratitude]

Download audio (3:23)
10. [24:00] “In the article 'Consciousnesses' by Ajahn Lee, he talks about beings that inhabit the mind and body...What are your thoughts on this? When seeing unusual phenomena that can be interpreted in this way, what is a good course of action?” [Ajahn Lee Dhammadharo] [Psychic powers] [Realms of existence]

Download audio (1:17)
11. [27:23] “Would you please describe the 4 ways of skillfully answering or asking questions or the different types of questions?” [Questions]

Download audio (1:12)
12. [28:40] “In 'Homage to the Sangha' chant, what are the 'Four pairs, the eight kinds of Noble Beings?'” [Recollection/Saṅgha] [Stages of awakening]

Download audio (5:31)
13. [29:52] “It makes sense that loving-kindness is the antidote to a person-directed ill-will, but what is the antidote to a more recurring, low-level, general aversion to experience?” [Goodwill] [Ill-will] [Aversion]

Download audio (2:00)
14. [35:23] “Where are the paramis listed and described in the Pali Canon?” [Perfections] [Sutta]

Download audio (4:18)
15. [37:23] “What would you say to someone who committed suicide if you could?” [Suicide] [Teaching Dhamma]

Download audio (0:30)
16. [41:41] “Why does the chanting book begin with the evening chanting first?” [Chanting]

Download audio (3:01)
17. [42:11] “Is there anything in the teachings/scriptures that would relate to the idea of organ donation?” [Health care] [Form] [Generosity]

Download audio (2:15)
18. [45:12] “After your 17 talks on Anapanasati, were you out of breath?” [Mindfulness of breathing] [Ajahn Pasanno]

Download audio (8:42)
19. [47:27] “Are there any times or situations where formal practice is not particularly helpful? If so, please explain why and then some alternative practices.” [Meditation/General advice]

Session 7 – Ajahn Pasanno – Nov. 29, 2013 Download audio (1:21:24)

Download audio (4:30)
1. [00:00] “Would you mind sharing some of the difficulties you have had in your practice and how you resolved them?” [Ajahn Pasanno]

Download audio (3:52)
2. [4:30] “Can you talk about karma? (particularly in regard to the theory of specific cause yields similar result; and results from past life actions)” [Kamma]

Download audio (2:36)
3. [8:22] “As the Buddha referred to his past lives in measurements of eons and eons, is there any information he offered about the locality of hjs lives? Were they on planet Earth?” [Psychic powers] [Rebirth]

Download audio (1:37)
4. [10:58] “How is being 'the one who knows' as it is suggested, related to anatta?” [Knowing itself] [Not-self]

Download audio (1:22)
5. [12:35] “I've been reflecting on the buildup of 30 water bottles outside the hall...Can you speak about how we find security in such objects please?” [Clinging]

Download audio (1:59)
6. [13:57] “Is the following correct? -The 3 Characteristics can be seen as verbs? The end of Dukkha occurs when the 3 Characteristics are fully understood..? Dukkha in the outside world continues but one who realized the Truth is not 'dukkha-ed' because anatta is understood?” [Characteristics of existence] [Cessation of Suffering] [Not-self]

Download audio (0:26)
7. [15:56] “Today, and several times on retreat, I've found myself in a heavy mood and feeling torn between equanimity with the experience and using intention to shift my mental state...Any thoughts are much appreciated.” [Equanimity] [Gladdening the mind]

Download audio (2:52)
8. [16:22] “Also, related to this is-how does volition fit with anatta?” [Volition] [Not-self]

Download audio (3:05)
9. [19:14] “Is there consciousness (awareness, knowing) in the experience of nibbana or is there a complete cessation of all six senses, as some traditions say. (Particularly in relation to the experience of stream-entry, which is sometimes described as a cessation.)” [Nibbāna] [Sense bases] [Stream entry] [Cessation]

Download audio (3:29)
10. [22:19] “Mudita, gladness, joy, can be felt by listening to Dhamma, chanting, an uplifting shrine...I heard that mudita can be a moment or a way of enlightenment. Could you comment please.” [Empathetic joy] [Gladdening the mind]

Download audio (3:35)
11. [25:48] “How do you atone for past unskillful behavior that you know you have done? Will this lower the negative karma you reap?” [Kamma]

Download audio (3:31)
12. [29:23] “My mind went to the elements today and how the sense feel them...but can all senses feel all elements? On death, air and fire are gone but water and earth remain. Is this correct? Are these skillful reflections?” [Elements] [Sense bases] [Death]

Download audio (1:58)
13. [32:54] “Would you kindly review the 4 Ways to respond to questions?” [Questions]

Download audio (6:31)
14. [34:52] “How can we awaken the sense metta within the heart and would you help me understand the beautiful image of the heat being a vessel filled with loving kindness that you bring people into rather than sending it out.” [Goodwill] [Heart/mind]

Download audio (2:11)
15. [41:23] “Can you please talk a little bit about merit. How do you make it?” [Merit]

Download audio (0:20)
16. [43:34] “Does [merit] have to be intentional?” [Merit] [Volition]

Download audio (3:02)
17. [43:54] “Is there a difference in doing a good deed for a monastic versus a lay-person in regards to generating merit? Can only humans create merit..devas..animals?” [Kamma] [Merit] [Realms of existence]

Download audio (2:50)
18. [46:56] “When meditating, I've begun to ask myself: 'What is the cause of suffering?' A couple of sense desires arise, namely, the lack of intimacy and lack of a healthy relationship with a partner. Do I need to let these (seemingly normal) desires go to get down the path?” [Cause of Suffering] [Relationships] [Sensual desire] [Eightfold Path]

Download audio (2:40)
19. [49:46] “One practice is to cultivate joy, happiness...But if these are 'defilements of insight,' I feel empty. Any comment.” [Gladdening the mind] [Happiness] [Insight meditation]

Download audio (3:46)
20. [52:26] “Can you talk about path and fruit in regards to the stages of awakening? What are they? How are they different?” [Stages of awakening]

Download audio (1:09)
21. [56:12] “Could you please talk a bit more about the 3 types of liberation (signless, desireless, not self?). Is it a liberation in the sense of being free from suffering?” [Release] [Cessation of Suffering]

Download audio (4:00)
22. [57:21] “May I ask what was done with the ashes/bones of the monk cremated in Thailand?” [History/Thai Buddhism]

Download audio (1:27)
23. [1:01:21] “Would you be willing to tell as a little about the first steps that led you out of Northern Manitoba towards becoming an abbot in Thailand?” [Ajahn Pasanno]

Download audio (4:25)
24. [1:02:48] “Thank you for your talk today. Could you please expand further on how to maintain/practice tranquility in everyday life, especially as we 'pick up' many of the things in out lives. Could you please tell us the translation of Luang Por and also if its appropriate for laity to address you by this term?” [Everyday life] [Continuity of mindfulness] [Monastic titles]

Download audio (1:40)
25. [1:07:13] “One of the questions last night talked about the breath becoming rapid when not controlled. I'm confused. Am I right that we are not supposed to control our breath. Anapanasati is not like pranayama or a breathing exercise. Please clarify.” [Mindfulness of breathing]

Download audio (5:37)
26. [1:08:53] “Seems like the more I 'see clearly,' the more depressed (bordering on suicidal at times) I feel rather than freedom...Any practice suggestions?” [Depression] [Suicide]

Download audio (4:13)
27. [1:14:30] “After 20 plus years of having a daily practice and Dharma being first priority, I just up and stopped meditating one day about 2 years ago...Can you talk about this 'rolling up the mat' [phenomenon]? Why it happens, how and when, etc?” [Long-term practice]

Download audio (1:18)
28. [1:18:43] “Why would consciousness not be considered self?” [Consciousness] [Not-self]

Download audio (1:23)
29. [1:20:01] “What is the '10,000 fold universal world system mentioned in The Discourse on Setting in Motion the Wheel of Dhamma'” [Realms of existence]

Session 8 – Ajahn Pasanno – Nov. 30, 2013 Download audio (57:23)

Download audio (1:48)
1. [00:00] “Just curious- is there any explanation of how bones turn to crystal?” [Relics]

Download audio (3:22)
2. [1:48] “At what point did your practice change from serving yourself (to end your own suffering) to self-less service?” [Long-term practice] [Ajahn Pasanno] [Cessation of Suffering] [Generosity]

Download audio (0:28)
3. [5:10] Comment: I relinquished my anger...and I had no idea what a heavy burden I was clinging to until it was gone. [Aversion]

Download audio (4:15)
4. [5:38] “Would you talk about (describe) how to relax into 'whole-body breathing?' What does that mean?” [Mindfulness of breathing]

Download audio (0:57)
5. [9:53] “How much did the Buddha encourage his disciples to become enlightened to 'get off the wheel' versus experiencing freedom from suffering in this lifetime?” [Cessation of Suffering] [Rebirth]

Download audio (1:04)
6. [10:50] “What do you see as the future for women ordaining in Theravada Buddhism?” [Women's monastic forms] [Theravāda]

Download audio (3:52)
7. [11:54] “In the chant '10 Subject for Frequent Recollection,' what does 'one who had gone forth' mean? Anyone on the path or only monastics?” [Recollection] [Monastic life]

Download audio (0:30)
8. [15:46] “Can we talk at breakfast please?” [Right Speech] [Meditation retreats]

Download audio (2:13)
9. [16:16] “How can one work with feeling the element of water in sitting or walking meditation?” [Elements] [Posture/Sitting] [Posture/Walking]

Download audio (1:46)
10. [18:29] “In the 'Supreme Praise of the Dhamma [and] the Sangha' why are the Dhamma and Sangha referred to as 'My Lord and guide?'” [Three Refuges] [Chanting]

Download audio (7:21)
11. [20:15] “I had a hard time getting up this morning...Any advice on getting up?” [Devotion to wakefulness]

Download audio (2:49)
12. [27:36] “You mentioned that Ajahn Chah stated that samadhi should be accompanied by alertness. Does this mean that Jhana should not be a 'zoned out' state?” [Ajahn Chah] [Right Concentration] [Clear comprehension] [Jhāna]

Download audio (1:47)
13. [30:25] “Also, What are the 4 aspects of bhavana that you mentioned?” [Meditation]

Download audio (2:05)
14. [32:12] “I've been experiencing a similar type of irritation as Debbie mentioned in her talk. I feel I'm present as it arise and think I'm letting it go only to find its turned into a big clump or irritation. I'm still unclear as to how to work with this. Please advise.” [Aversion]

Download audio (4:02)
15. [34:17] “'There is no-self in the created or the un-created'...Does this statement conceal an asymmetry? Surely we investigate the created to separate from it – But can we investigate the uncreated? And if so, is it not to identify with it?” [Not-self] [Unconditioned] [Self-identity view]

Download audio (2:41)
16. [38:19] “Do you miss Ajahn Amaro?” [Ajahn Pasanno] [Ajahn Amaro]

Download audio (2:18)
17. [41:00] “Thank you for your inspiring teachings...Question: I seem to recollect that the Buddha cautioned against unwholesome thoughts in a way that seemed to raise their results as similar to their unwholesome causes. Is this so?” [Proliferation] [Kamma] [Unskillful qualities]

Download audio (0:09)
18. [43:18] “No room for the second question.”

Download audio (7:06)
19. [43:27] “Does the 5th precept include coffee or prescription drugs as drugs to avoid? Does the precept mean never drink alcohol or don't abuse alcohol for a lay person?...Does Right Livelihood mean one cannot work in a place that serves and/or sells alcohol, coffees, or drugs? Or, does it mean don't work where alcohol and drugs are made?” [Intoxicants] [Medicinal requisites] [Right Livelihood]

Download audio (1:38)
20. [50:33] “Today is the 23rd anniversary of my grandmother’s passing. I am particularly thinking of her today and dedicating loving kindness. Is this a meritorious act or is this fantasy?” [Death] [Family] [Merit] [Goodwill]

Download audio (1:55)
21. [52:11] “Please explain the difference between aggregates and faculties.” [Aggregates] [Faculties]

Download audio (3:17)
22. [54:06] “What is the difference between ignorance and delusion?” [Ignorance] [Delusion]